Mr. Charlie Flint, Jr.

Mr. Charlie Flint, Jr.

Mr. Charlie Flint, Jr.

Graveside services for Mr. Charlie Flint Jr., affectionately known as “Jap” age 75of Americus, Georgia will be held on Tuesday, August 18, 2015 at 11:00 A.M. at the Eastview Cemetery in Americus, Georgia with Rev. Robert Angrish officiating.

Charlie was born July 25, 1940 in Leslie, Georgia to Charlie and Geneva Patrick FlintCharlie was a loving father, mate, grandfather and friend to all. He loved carpentry and worked as a general contractor for 40+ years until he was forced to stop due to his illnessHe enjoyed the Atlanta Braves and played baseball during his youth and as a young man. He also enjoyed cigars, cards and walking. Charlie was always there to help friends with carpentry projects or whatever else they needed him for.

He was preceded in death by his parents and brother Leroy Flint. Charlie passed away in his sleep at the Lillian Carter Health and Rehabilitation Center on Thursday, August 13, 2015.

He is survived by two sons Craig (Lashonda) Flint of McDonough, Georgia and Shannon (Stephanie) of Detroit, Michigan, grandsons Craig II and Sterling, granddaughters Cierra and Morgan.

Visitation will be from 4:00 until 7:00 PM at West’s Mortuary on Monday,August 17, 2015.

Ben King, Sr.


Ben King, Sr.

Ben King, Sr.

Ben King, Sr., age 52, 1010 Union Street, Vienna, Georgia passed Monday, August 10, 2015.
The funeral service will be conducted 2:00 P.M., Saturday, August 15, 2015 at Quebec Baptist Church, 3931 Georgia Highway 26 West, Ellaville, Georgia.  The Reverend Clinton Aldridge, pastor, will officiate.  Interment will follow in the Hopewell Cemetery, Hopewell Road, Ellaville, Georgia.

Ben King, Sr. was born June 13, 1963 in Ellaville, Schley County, Georgia to the late James “Flat” King and Katherine Minter King.  He was educated in the public school system of Ellaville, Schley County, Georgia. He was a 1982 graduate of Tri-County High School.  He acquired his Christian training at Quebec Baptist Church.

During his early childhood, he joined the band of Christian believers at Quebec Baptist Church.  After his completion of high school, Ben was employed with Tyson Food, Inc of Vienna, Georgia for several years and then at River West Farms as a foreman for 16 years. Later in life, he was employed with Blue Bird of Fort Valley, Georgia.

On June 8, 2002, Ben was joined in holy matrimony to the former Mary Martin.  Ben was blessed to be the father of six children.

Survivors include his wife of 27 years, Mary Martin King, Vienna, Georgia; children, Eric T. Martin, Vienna, Georgia, Cory Martin, Cordele, Georgia, Eric L. Martin, Vienna, Georgia, Ben King, Jr., Vienna, Georgia, Tiesha King Haynes (Winston), Vienna, Georgia and Jessica McLendon, Montezuma, Georgia; 12 grandchildren; siblings, David King, Ellaville, Georgia, Ronnie King (Vivian), Vienna, Georgia, Tony King, Jacksonville, Florida, Linda  King, Viola King, Lisa King, Diane King, all of Americus, Georgia, and Gail King, Atlanta, Georgia; brothers-in-law and sisters-in-law, Joseph Martin (Emma), Vienna, Georgia, Willie James Davis (Fran), Saint Petersburg, Florida, and Betty Davis, Lilly, Georgia; uncles and aunts, Albert Minter, Michael Minter, both of Atlanta, Georgia, Kate Solomon, Brooklyn, New York and Myrtice McClendon, Brooklyn, New York; a host of nieces, nephews, other relatives and friends.

Queen Esther Tookes Minter

Queen Esther Tookes Minter

Queen Esther Tookes Minter

Queen Esther Tookes Minter, age 64, 560 Minter Road, Ellaville, Georgia passed Saturday August 15, 2015 at Emory Midtown Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia.

The funeral service will be conducted at 11:00 A.M., Saturday August 22, 2015 at St. Paul A.M.E. Church, corner of Russell and Johnson Streets, Oglethorpe, Georgia. Reverend Norris Harris, pastor, will officiate. Interment will follow in the Mt. Zion Primitive Baptist Church Cemetery, Mt. Zion Road, Buena Vista, Georgia.

Queen, as her loved ones and friends affectionately called her, was born May 6, 1951 to the late Willie Luke Tookes and Mary Louis Harpe Tookes. She was educated in the public school system of Macon County, Georgia, where she acquired her elementary education from the Historic Oglethorpe Grammar School under the leadership of Professor Pauline Fields. She was a 1970 honor graduate of D.F. Douglass High School under the leadership of the late Professor T.E. Moone. She was a 1992 graduate of South Georgia Technical College with a degree in Cosmetology.

Queen was united in holy matrimony to Colvin Minter, August 17, 1973, and to this union, they were blessed with one daughter, Colbretta Q. Minter and one grandson, Jonathan Luke Thompson.

Queen accepted Jesus Christ as her personal savior and joined Davis Chapel A.M.E. Church under the late Reverend Hudson. Later, the family moved their membership to St. Paul A.M.E. Church, where she so joyfully lifted up her praise and worship as a soprano in the Oglethorpe A.M.E. Mass Choir. She was the senior Sunday school teacher and also served as a Stewardess. In the Oglethorpe Circuit, she served as a layman, director of Children Youth Department. For several years, she was a foster parent.

She was preceded in death by her parents and brother, Marvin Tookes.

Survivors are a beloved husband of 43 years, Colvin Minter; daughter, Colbretta Q. Minter, Ellaville, Georgia; grandson, Jonathan Luke Thompson, Ellaville, Georgia; siblings, Henry Leonard Tookes (Naomi), Jacksonville, Florida, Willie Eldred Tookes, Fort Valley, Georgia, Mary Ann Edward, Montezuma, Georgia, Doddie Tookes, Oglethorpe, Georgia, Irma Tookes, Oglethorpe, Georgia, and Gloria Dean Thomas (Rev. James), Buena Vista, Georgia; aunt, Ida Mae Tookes, Atlanta, Goergia; sister-in-law, Cheryl Tookes, Jacksonville, Georgia; brother-in-law, John Smith Minter, Americus, Georgia; a host of nieces, nephews, other relatives, and friends.

Mr. Tellias Welborn, Jr.

Mr. Tellias Welborn, Jr.

Mr. Tellias Welborn, Jr.

Funeral services for Mr. Tellias J. Welborn age 23 of Americus, Georgia will be held on Friday, August 14, 2015 at 11:00 A.M. at the Church of Christ on Williams Road in Americus, Georgia with Pastor Courtney Moore officiating. Burial will follow at the Eastview Cemetery.

Mr. Tellias J. Welborn, Jr. was born in Americus, Georgia on March 1, 1992 to Ms. Victoria Washington and Mr. Tellias J. Welborn, Sr. He was educated in the public schools of Sumter County. Tellias was a compassionate young man that was known near and far.  On Thursday, August 6, 2015 the Angel of death took Tellias to a better and everlasting home.

The legacy of his beautiful life remains forever in the memories are a daughter, Tamyich Thomas of Warner Robins, Georgia; his parents, Victoria Washington of Americus, Georgia and Tellias (Joanna) Welborn, Sr. of Buena Vista, Georgia; three sisters: Kadijha Washington, Ayleshia Welborn and Jartavia Sheppard all of Americus, Georgia; three brothers: Antarious Jenkins of Warner Robins, Georgia, Antaviou Lockhart of Americus, Georgia and Christopher Banks of Americus, Georgia; grandparents: Mrs. Ceola Washington and Mrs. Edna Welborn both of Americus, Georgia and Mr. Johnny (Patricia) Washington of Warner Robins, Georgia; nine aunts: Carla Welborn, Claudia (Darrell) Walters, Ilene Durham, Cassandra Banks, Katherina Hawkins, Lucy Lee Carter, Lillie Height, Mamie Allen and Edie McDonald all of Americus, Georgia; twelve uncles: Tommy Welborn, John Welborn, Charles Welborn, Calvin Banks, Alphonso Banks, Freddie Mullins, Eddie Mullins, Willie Hawkins, Clarence Hawkins and Arthur Pines all of Americus, Georgia, Henry Charles Welborn of Leesburg, Georgia and Shamar Allen of Hartford Connecticut; several other relatives and friends also survive.


The family will receive friends at 605 Ashby Street Americus, Georgia

Colonel Charles Edward Cooke, USMC (Retired)

Colonel Charles Edward Cooke, USMC (Retired)

Colonel Charles Edward Cooke, USMC (Retired)

Funeral services for Colonel Charles Edward Cooke (Retired) will be held on Monday, August 10, 2015 at 10:00 A.M. at the Andersonville National Cemetery.  wake will be held at Union Chapel in Huntsville, AL on Friday, August 7th at 12 pm. Charles passed onto glory peacefully in his sleep on the morning of August 2, 2015. He was 65 years old.

Charles Edward Cooke was born in Plains, Georgia on June 23, 1950. He was the seventh child born to Jack and Jonnie Mae Cooke. Charles confessed hope in Christ early in his life at Mt Salem Baptist Church in Americus, GA where he was baptized. He grew up in the church alongside his brothers and sisters dedicating his life to serving others. He faithfully served wherever life took him. Working tirelessly to become a faithful servant of Christ. He in later years could always be found telling anyone would listen how the Lord had blessed him and kept him

Family and friends remember Charles for his infectious smile, friendly nature, and love of sports. His younger sisters recall being forced to play basketball for hours with him, while his older brother recants Charles’ intense work ethic. Those qualities endeared him to many over the years in both work and play from volunteer Boy Scout Leader to advancing through the Marine Corps ranks earning him the Legion of Merit,

Defense Meritorious Service Medal, Meritorious Service Medal, Joint Service Commendation Medal with Gold Star and the Navy/Marine Corps Achievement Medal. Charles faithfully served his country in the United States Marine Corps for 31 years with duties in 9 states and 11 countries around the world. His distinguished service ended in 2004 in Washington, D.C. retiring at the rank of Colonel.

Following his military service Charles worked at Northrup Grumman as an Information Assurance Specialist. He was an ordained deacon at his previous church, First Mount Zion Baptist Church in Dumfries, VA for 4 years before transferring with his company to Huntsville, AL. After 7 years, he retired to full time community service with such organizations as the Semper Fi Community Task Force and Meals on Wheels. He earned a Certificate of Biblical Studies from the Union Chapel Missionary Baptist Church Institute of Biblical Studies. Devoting himself more to the God of all Creation who sustained him throughout the years gave him great joy.

Charles is survived by his wife Wilma of 44 years, their daughter, Mary (Kerjhe Hite); six grandchildren Kenya Hurley, Keianna Bell-Cooke, Kia Hurley, Christopher Cooke, Kevin Hurley Jr, and Judah Hite; father-in-law, Willie Frank Wiley, Sr.; daughter-in-law Sophia Hurley;  his brother Oscar (Florence), sisters, Josie Simpson, Lula May, Carrie (Charles Randall, Shirlene (Franky Lane), Barbara (Glenn Otis); sister-in-law Jean Cooke; and brother-in-law Frank Wiley, Jr. Charles further leaves behind a host of cousins, nieces, nephews, aunts, uncles, and friends. The memories they have with Charles will forever be in their hearts.

Charles is preceded in death by his parents, Mr. & Mrs. Jack Cooke; one sister, Annie Maude Cooke; three brothers, Sam, Alonzo, and Eddie Lee Cooke; and two sons, Kevin Hurley Sr, and Wiley Cooke.

The family wishes to thank you for your prayerful concerns and support during this trying time.  In lieu of flowers, please make a donation to the American Diabetes Association / Vanderbilt, Nashville, TN in his name/honor.

Ms. Stephanie Yvonn Mullins Evans

Ms. Stephanie Yvonn Mullins Evans

Ms. Stephanie Yvonn Mullins Evans

Funeral services for Ms. Stephanie Mullins Evans of Americus, Georgia will be held on Monday, August 3, 2015 at 1:00 P.M. at the Friendship Baptist Church on Cotton Ave. in Americus, Georgia with Rev. Lodenia Coleman officiating. Burial will follow at the Eastview Cemetery.

Ms. Stephanie Yvonn Evans was born on December 25, 1972 in Sumter County, Georgia to Victoria Mullins and the late Willie C. Evans. Ms. Evans passed away on Monday, July 27, 2015 at the Phoebe-Sumter Medical Center in Americus, Georgia.

She leaves to cherish her memory, three children: Jasmine T. Mullins, Keegan B. Mullins and Jason L. Peeples; five brothers: Freddie L. Mullins, Eddie L. (Joann) Mullins, Robert (Valerie) Jones, Willie C. Evans, Jr. and Shannon (Linda) Evans; one sister, Rose (Leon) Baisden; four grandchildren: Milo Mumford, Jr., Keelen Mullins, Jailyn Peeples and Makela Mullins; several devoted friends including: Paula Ruff, Renea Mann, Barbara Mathis, Tommy Daniel and Tonia Woods; a devoted cousin, Fred Dennis Carter, Jr. a host of other relatives and friends.

Mrs. Ella Ruth Sims Durham

Mrs. Ella Ruth Sims Durham

Mrs. Ella Ruth Sims Durham

Funeral services for Mrs. Ella Ruth Sims Durham of Americus, GA will be held Saturday, July 25, 2015 at 3:00 P.M. at the Bethlehem Baptist Church in Plains GA with Overseer Johnny Lundy officiating. Burial will follow at the Bethlehem Cemetery.

Mrs. Ella Ruth Sims Durham was born in Sumter County, Georgia on May 19, 1955 to the late Mr. Charlie Sims, Jr. and the late Mrs. Ella Ree Lundy Sims. She received her education in the public schools of Sumter County. At an early age she joined the Bethlehem Baptist Church. Later she moved her membership to Mt. Olive Baptist Church and finally to the Miracle Temple House of Prayer & Deliverance Ministries. She was a loving mother, grandmother and great grandmother. She loved to laugh and to keep her yard looking beautiful. Mrs. Durham died on Tuesday, July 21, 2015 at her home in Americus, Georgia. She was preceded in death by a brother, Clarence Sims and her grandparents, Rev. J.W. (Annie) Lundy.

She leaves to cherish her memories, her husband Joe Durham, Jr. of Americus, Georgia; her loving and devoted children: Sharon Durham, Karen R. Durham both of Americus, Georgia Joe Durham, III of Atlanta, Georgia and Travis Durham of Laurel, Maryland; four brothers: Albert Sims, III of Fitzgerald, Georgia, Charlie Sims of Americus, Georgia, Johnny Sims of Atlanta, Georgia and Joseph Sims of Columbus, Georgia; one aunt, Mary L. Carter; two uncles: Bishop James (Ossie) Lundy and Overseer Johnny (Carol) Lundy  both of Americus, Georgia; two great aunts: Thelma Solomon and Mae Ola (Charles) Louis both of Americus, Georgia; seven grandchildren: Briana McCoy, Briaca Durham, Brittany Durham, Trenell Durham, Jamaiya Williams, Tiara Durham and Tamia Durham; two great grandchildren: Jayden Durham and Jisele Durham; one sister-in-law, Betty (Rev. Eugene) Mack of Americus, Georgia. Several other relatives and friends alsosurvive.

Mr. Jimmy Bartlett



Mr. Jimmy Bartlett, affectionately called “Danny” was born in Sumter County, Georgia on February 17, 1947 to the parentage of the late Mr. Leonard Bartlett and the late Mrs. Ludie Mae Waters Bartlett. He received his education in the public schools of Sumter County. At an early age, he joined the Mt. Creek A.M.E. Church. Jimmy was a long time residence of Americus, Georgia but had spent many years in New York City, New York before returning home to Americus. Jimmy is also preceded in death by a sister, Ernestine Bartlett Mann.

Those left to cherish his loving memories include: one son, Mr. Timothy Smith, New York City, NY; one daughter, Ms. Toyia Smith, New York City, NY; one sister, Mrs. Gwen (Eddie) Williamson, Augusta, GA; three brothers, Mr. Leonard (Vivian) Bartlett, Boynton Beach, FL, Mr. Thomas (Lena) Bartlett and Mr. Terry Bartlett, Americus, GA; one uncle, Mr. James Bartlett, Bridgeton, NJ; nine grandchildren and a host of nieces, nephews, cousins other relatives and friends also survive.

Mrs. Alvida Demetreal Jones-Mann

Mrs. Alvida Demetreal Jones-Mann

Mrs. Alvida Demetreal Jones-Mann

Mrs. Alvida Demetreal Jones-Mann was born in Americus, Georgia on November 1, 1972 to the parents of Ms. Pamela Jackson-Breedlove and Mr. Fred Jones. She received her education in the public schools of Sumter County. At an early age, she joined the Love of Christ Outreach Ministry under the leadership of Pastor Josephine Sims-Weston. There she was a devoted member and faithful leader over the youth ministry. She was employed in kitchen services at Magnolia Manor. She was married to Mr. Randolph Mann and to their union five children were born.

She leaves to cherish her memories, her husband, Mr. Randolph  Mann, Americus, GA; two sons, Mr. Jordan Mann and Mr. Courtney Mann, Americus, GA; three daughters, Ms. Shanelia Mann, Ms. Shaneka Mann and Ms. Shabria Mann, Americus, GA; her father, Mr. Fred (Mandy) Jones, Americus, GA; her mother, Mrs. Pamela (Hardy) Breedlove, Americus, GA; three brothers, Mr. Christopher Walker, Fort Myers, FL, Mr. Isaac Jones, Jacksonville, Fl and Mr. Phillip Jones, Albany, GA; five sisters, Ms. Denail Jackson, Americus, GA, Ms. Jolanta Jones, Montgomery, AL, Ms. Anderan Jones, Albany, GA, Ms. Skylar Barthell, Columbus, GA and Ms. Tangerine (Greg) Holt, Tampa, FL; one granddaughter, Kourtney Stone; her sisters & brothers-in-law, Ms. Carrie Myers and friend, Jeffery Boone, Mr. Franklin (Rita) Mann, Ms. David Mann, Mr. Robert Mann and Mr. Ernest Mann; her aunts & uncles, Ms. Sallie Smith, Mr. Jessie James Jackson, Mr. Robert Jackson, Mr. Jerome Thomas, Mr. Felton Thomas, Ms. Shirley Thomas, Ms. Wanda Thomas, Ms. Minnie Thomas, Mr. James Jones, Ms. Moses Mathis, Mr. Bobby Mathis, Ms. Paula Jones, Ms. Mary Tucker, Mr. McArthur Jones and Ms. Mary Jones; and a host of nieces, including two devoted nieces, Ms. Angela Jackson and Ms. Shantrel Jackson, nephews, including a devoted nephew, Mr. Eddie Mercer, cousins other relatives and friends also survive.

Mr. Paul Thomas, Sr.

Mr. Paul Thomas, Sr.

Mr. Paul Thomas, Sr.

Mr. Paul Thomas, Sr. was born on December 6, 1943 in Buena Vista, Marion County, Georgia on December 6, 1943 to the parentage of the late Deacon Woodrow Thomas, Sr. and the late Mrs. Mildred Jackson Thomas. He was educated in the public school system of Marion County. He was a 1962 graduate from Buena Vista High School. Mr. Paul Thomas, Sr. joined the Mt. Zion Webster Baptist Church at an early age. He served faithfully in his church and served as an usher until his health failed. He was a generous man that loved his family. He enjoyed watching TV, listening to gospel songs, and a man of many trades. He was employed at Redman Industries for 20 years and at the time of his death he was self-employed.

On December 16, 1994, Paul was united in Holy Matrimony to Ms. Wanda Williams. God called one of His angels home on Sunday, August 2, 2015 at 2:22 p.m. He is preceded in death by three siblings, Woodrow Thomas, Jr., Levi Thomas and his twin Silas Thomas and a daughter, Gwendolyn Thomas Walton.

He leaves a legacy of golden memories to his beloved wife of 21 years, Mrs. Wanda Williams Thomas, Americus, GA; four daughters and two sons, Mrs. Brenda (Chris) Powell, Mrs. Cheryl (Nathaniel) Jowers, Mr. Paul Thomas, Jr. all of Plains, GA, Ms. Stephanie Paul, St. Mary, GA, Ms. LaShanta (Arthur) Terry, Americus, GA and Mr. Marcus (Diane) Williams, Buena Vista, GA; a son-in-law, Mr. Lorenzo Walton, Americus, GA; 25 grandchildren, 32 great grandchildren; his mother-in-law, Ms. Lucille Clemons, Clearwater, FL; five sisters-in-law, Ms. Wilette Clemons, Brandon, FL, Ms. Ann Dixon, Hudson, FL, Md. Tracy Jackson, Orlando, FL, Ms. Jackie Clemons and Ms. Andrea Clemons, Clearwater, FL; one brother-in-law, Mr. William Clemons, Clearwater, FL; one uncle, Mr. Bennie (Naomi) Thomas, Americus, GA; one aunt, Ms. Naomi Bell, Aliquippa, PA; and a host of nieces, nephews, cousins other relatives and friends, including devoted friends, Mr. Henry Patterson, Mr. George Williams, Mr. Frank Williams, Mr. Willie Barker, Mr. Tyrone Pride, Mr. Eli Fudge, Avey Williams and Stacy William also survive.

Dea. Daniel Tatum, Sr.

Dea. Daniel Tatum, Sr.

Dea. Daniel Tatum, Sr.

August 25, 1935 was a beautiful day when I was blessed to be born to my now late parents, Artie Tatum and Mary Frances Robertson Tatum. They named me Daniel Tatum.

My life’s journey led me to accept the Lord as my Savior as I joined the band of Christian believers at New Ebenezer Baptist Church where I was ordained as a Deacon. While confessing with my mouth the Lord Jesus and believing in my heart that God has raised Him from the dead, I grew in the knowledge of God and in the favor of man.

I had a passion for repairing cars and driving anything on wheels, especially 18-wheeler trucks and buses. I loved going to the Daytona 500 or the Talladega Motor Speedway to watch the car races or dropping in on an Atlanta Braves’ game.

On July 27, 2015, the Lord said move from where I am, there you may be also. You see, I have fought a good fight. I have finished my course. I have kept my faith. I’ve moved to meet my daughter, Gloria Tatum, who has gone on before me.

Left to cherish my memories are my loved ones: my wife, Barbara Tatum; my children: Dorothy Tatum Gardner, Lisa Tatum Slappey, and McKeithia Billups (Sam) Hurley of Americus, GA; Daniel (Brenda) Tatum II of Lancaster, CA; Anthony (Saundra) Tatum Sr. of Wake Forest, NC; Danette Tatum (Darnell) Hall and Susie Tatum (Henry) Smith of Tuskegee, AL; Christopher Tatum of Riverdale, GA; and Justin Tatum of Covington, GA; my step-children: Albert Cooper III of Stone Mountain, GA; Conseula Cooper of Covington, GA and Anderson Bouvier (Gabrielle) Cooper of Decatur, GA; my god-daughter: Bernadine (Dennis) King; my mother and father-in-law: Gradene & Claude Deriso Sr. of Americus, GA; my sisters-in-law: Jackie Barnes, Alicia Deriso, Brenda Wafford; my brothers-in-law: Roscoe Deriso, Claude (Regina) Deriso, Jr, Tony (Wanda) Deriso and Shawn Deriso; 36 grandchildren and 15 great-grand children; and a host of family  including those I grew up with as siblings—Rev. Carl (Shirley) Munns, Jr. and Catherine Volley, a devoted sister-in-law—Emma (Miller) Rush, and friends including devoted friends—W. J. Smith, Henry Turner,  Alvin Lee and Henry Polk.




Mr. Edward Hicks was born in Sumter County, Georgia on December 14, 1958 to the parentage of the late Mr. James Hicks and the late Mrs. Emma Lee Styles Hicks. He received his education in the public schools of Sumter County, he was a member of the Plains High Basketball Team, he was a graduate of the 1976 class. At an early age, he joined the Bethlehem Baptist Church, where he served faithfully. He was a member of the church choir and served as Chairman of the Deacons Board. Deacon Hicks gave great service to his community. He was co-founder and active with the Fish Fry Ministry. He was employed for 20 years with TCI of Ellaville, Georgia, where he was a Bonding Operator Supervisor. He is preceded in death by his brother, Norman Hicks.

He leaves to cherish his memories, his son, Mr. Joshua Hicks, Atlanta, GA; one brother, Mr. Darwin Keith Hicks, Jonesboro, GA; four sisters, Ms. Sherline Hicks, Mrs. Geraldine (Alphonso) Moore, Americus, GA, Ms. Annie Laura Kitchen, Plains, GA and Mrs. Janice (George) Pless, Warner Robins, GA; a sister-in-law, Mrs. Pamela Hicks, Greensboro, NC; his aunts and uncles, Mrs. Ruby (Johnny) Little, Sr., Minister Arthur Styles, Mr. John Laster, Mr. Frankie (Diane) Laster, Ms. Ollie Mae Simpson, Ms. Katherine Hamilton, Mrs. Retha Dean (Lorenzo) Thomas, Americus, GA, Ms. Lillie Johnson, Riverdale, GA and Mrs. Roxie (Rev. Franklin) Wakefield, Jacksonville, FL; and a host of nieces, nephews, cousins other relatives and friends also survive.

Joel Embiid’s injured foot excluded from 76ers’ insurance policy

Joel Embiid has not played a game since being drafted by the 76ers with the No. 3 overall pick in the 2014 NBA Draft. Bill Streicher/USA TODAY Sports

Joel Embiid has not played a game since being drafted by the 76ers with the No. 3 overall pick in the 2014 NBA Draft. Bill Streicher/USA TODAY Sports

By Darren Rovell, Sports Business reporter

The $9 million the Philadelphia 76ers ownership will pay Joel Embiid in his first two years, even though he has not played an NBA game, will come out of their pockets.

Although Embiid’s contract is insured, since it is among the five highest salaries on the team, sources say Embiid’s right foot was excluded from the policy because it was a pre-existing injury. Embiid first had surgery on the foot the week before the 2014 NBA draft, in which he was taken by the 76ers with the third pick.

If Embiid’s foot were insured, the 76ers would have received roughly 60 percent, or $5.4 million back, from the league’s insurance policy.

On Saturday, Yahoo Sports reported that Embiid will have a second surgery on his right foot this week. The team announced on July 11 that Embiid would miss his second straight season due to the setback.

One policy that didn’t exclude Embiid’s right foot was a permanent total disability policy the center signed in November 2013 while at the University of Kansas. A source familiar with the policy said Embiid first could collect a tax-free $5 million if he calls it quits three years after signing the policy — November 2016 — and can always collect as long as he doesn’t play 20 NBA games.

Embiid’s first two years were guaranteed. The next two years after this season are team options that still fall under the rookie wage scale.

Michael Jordan Tells Jury He Values His Image ‘Preciously’

da681cd8afbf4f478ecc8bfdd3c3cc17-be2422bd28354f929d16627b687dcde6-0Associated Press,

CHICAGO — Chicago Bulls great Michael Jordan testified Tuesday that he values his image “very preciously,” which is why he filed a lawsuit against a grocery store chain that used it without permission.

“I have the final say-so on everything that involves my likeness and my name,” Jordan told jurors. When his attorney asked him why he brought the case, Jordan said it was “to protect my likeness, my image.”

Dominick’s Finer Foods has acknowledged that it wasn’t authorized to use Jordan’s image without permission in a 2009 magazine ad. The jury will decide the fair market value of the infringement by the grocery chain, which has since gone out of business.

Frederick Sperling, Jordan’s attorney, told jurors that Jordan’s name was worth at least $480 million to Nike and that each commercial use of Jordan’s name is worth more than $10 million. Sperling added that Jordan made $100 million from his identity last year, even though he last played in the NBA in 2003.

Steven Mandell, a lawyer for Dominick’s, has suggested that Jordan’s attorneys overvalued Jordan’s name. It might be worth $10 million in some contexts, he said, but not necessarily in a one-off ad.

Jordan, 52, displayed an amused discomfort with having to wear reading glasses while on the witness stand, jokingly saying “don’t look” when he put them on to read a page he was handed.

Jordan stood with his hands behind his back and smiled at the jury when they left the courtroom. Jurors have been able to submit written questions to witnesses, which are reviewed by the judge and the attorneys out of the hearing of jurors. Only one juror question was submitted for Jordan, and there was laughter from the gallery when the judge said it was from juror “No. 23” in the case (Jordan’s jersey number).

The juror wanted to know why Jordan had said he would never have entered into a deal with Dominick’s even if the chain had asked.

With jurors back in the courtroom, Jordan said, “It didn’t fit the strategy we operated on in terms of signing and evaluating deals.”

The ad, which ran in Sports Illustrated, congratulated Jordan on his Hall of Fame induction. The ad also included a $2 coupon above a photograph of a sizzling steak.

4-H Awards Ceremony

Submitted Photo Crystal Perry Award Winner: Anna Moates poses for this picture during the 2015 4-H awards program. Sumter County 4-H club had several winners on the district and state levels this year.

Submitted Photo Crystal Perry
Award Winner: Anna Moates poses for this picture during the
2015 4-H awards program. Sumter County 4-H club had several winners on the district and state levels this year.

By Crystal Perry, On Thursday, August 6, 2015 Sumter County 4-H’ers were awarded for their outstanding work during the 2015 4-H year. District Project Achievement winners were recognized and 4-H teams and individual competitors were also recognized for their participation. Shazia Alam, Anna Moates, Ryan Mournighan and Rosnice Williams were recognized for their completion and certification as a Georgia 4-H Teen Leader. Among the outstanding 4-H’ers, Zafar Alam, 2015 Southland Academy graduate, was named Sumter County 4-H 2015 outstanding Senior 4-H’er. Michael Harris, Sumter County Middle School student, was named outstanding Junior 4-H’er and Shazia Alam, Southland Academy student, was named outstanding Cloverleaf 4-H’er of the year. Zafar Alam was recognized for his outstanding accomplishments in his project work, winning a 4-H scholarship, and becoming a”two-time” Master 4-H’er, after having placed first in the Health Project during State Congress in July of 2015. He was also awarded the American Youth Foundation’s National Leadership Award in recognition of his efforts and work in the Health project. Anna Moates, an 11th grade ARCHE homeschool 4-H’er, and Anjum Alam, sophomore at Southland Academy, were awarded the Georgia 4-H Key Award for their outstanding work and participation in 4-H since 7th grade. The first 4-H club meeting for the 2015-2016 school year will be held Monday, August 25, 2015 at the Sumter County Agricultural Center at 4:45 p.m. All 5th – 12th grade students are invited to attend. For more information about the Sumter County 4-H Club and how you can get involved, contact Sumter County Extension Office at 229-924-4476 or email

Welcome Back Americus-Sumter County Students And Teachers

edu2Submitted Article,

About one-hundred teachers had their classrooms moved, a number of bus routes were totally refigured, several media centers were moved, virtually all computers in the system were reformatted, and, in several cases, school stationary was redesigned. These are some of the many changes that had to be achieved in only eight weeks this summer for the Sumter County School System to welcome students under the massive
reconfiguration of schools, and it all happened without many people even noticing.

Last Spring, The Sumter County Board of Education voted to reconfigure the schools to educate all students of a particular grade level under one roof. Instead of elementary and middle school students attending a particular school based on whether or not the students lived in Americus or outside the city limits, all students in the district now attend: Sumter County Early Learning Center at Sarah Cobb (Pre-K – Kindergarten), Sumter County Primary (First – Second), Sumter County Elementary (Third – Fourth), Sumter County Intermediate (Fifth – Sixth) and Sumter County Middle (Seventh – Eighth). All ninth-graders attend Americus- Sumter Ninth Grade Academy at Staley and Americus-Sumter High continues to educate students in grades ten through twelve.

According to Superintendent Donnie Smith, “The only school that was not affected in some way by the reconfiguration was the high school, as the former middle school is now the Intermediate School and the current middle school is now housed at what was the Ninth-Grade Academy.”

As a result of the changes, bus service is available to all students in the district.

The move was achieved through effective planning which was led by Associate Superintendent Victoria Harris; hard work and effective implementation by the maintenance staff led by Director Billy Thompkins; and a willingness to go beyond the call of duty by Sumter County teachers, custodians, support staff and administrators.

More than a thousand boxes for teachers’ classrooms had to be packed and shipped to the correct destination, then unpacked, and the classrooms had to be recreated. Some classes had as many as seventy-eight boxes that had to be moved.

“Many of the teachers chose to come in early and volunteer their time to expedite the process,” said Mr. Thompkins. “It was a pretty massive undertaking to get things ready for the children, but we got through it with little or no confusion.”

There are still things to be worked out. Some signs still need to be changed. Websites for all the schools should be updated to a new design in the next few weeks, and there have been some traffic problems at the Early Learning Center, which have been improved through re-directing the flow to alternate avenues. But overall, it was an extraordinary effort that has Superintendent Donnie Smith smiling:

“Now we can look forward to a unified school district,” Smith said. “The reconfiguration will allow us to better provide an equitable education for all students in the district. The two former school systems became what is now Sumter County Schools in 1994, now we can look forward to the future of a truly consolidated system that provides the same opportunities for all students.”


edu6Sumter County Schools is invited fathers and/or other important males in a student’s life, to accompany their child on the first day of school, August 3rd, 2015. Managers and business leaders in the community were asked to give any employee who brings their child to school approximately two hours of paid leave required to start our youth off on the right foot. “Research shows that children’s grades and test scores improve when fathers are actively engaged in their education,” said Sumter County Schools Parent Involvement Coordinator Adrienne Davis. “Children of engaged fathers are more likely to graduate from high school and attend college.” Additionally, fathers and other important male role models are asked to volunteer at their child’s school at least ten hours this school year and to read to their child for fifteen to thirty minutes each week. Fathers, grandfathers, foster fathers, stepfathers, uncles, cousins, big brothers, male caregivers, mentors and/or other family friends are all asked to participate. Faith leaders are asked to adopt a school and get their parishioners to volunteer at the school. Elected officials are invited to visit schools to help the fathers understand how to make better public policy and fight for adequate funding.

Women of Power: 4 Boss Moves to Get Salary You Deserve

Active ways millennial women can make a difference today


(Image: Thinkstock)

by Janell Hazelwood

Equal Pay Day highlights an ongoing earnings gap between men and women once per year. Not only do women dominate low-wage jobs and still the pay gap exists from the C-suite to sports to Hollywood. On average, women earn 77 cents to the dollar, which may seem like a small gap until one does the math: The disparity can equal thousands of dollars a year that women are not taking home.

RELATED: REGISTER TODAY For the Black Enterprise Women of Power Summit

So what can we do about this? Equal pay advocates are pushing for Congress to pass the Paycheck Fairness Act, a bill which has been rejected twice already. The proposed legislation is a broader form of The Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, which gave victims of discrimination access to the courts for legal redress. With sentiments like Republican Sen. Lamar Alexander, the challenges are numerous:

“Take me through exactly what would have to happen, with a specific example of a man and woman, where a man is being paid less than the woman,” Alexander asked during a Senate hearing. “Because this law is not just about women—it’s about men and women.”

Add that to the fact that women are found to be less likely to negotiate or even know whether they are being paid fairly. According to Linda Babcock‘s book “Women Don’t Ask: The High Cost of Avoiding Negotiation–and Positive Strategies for Change,” 46% of men always negotiate salary following a job offer, compared with just 30% of women. And 39% of men are apprehensive about negotiating (compared with 55% of women.)

I must admit, this is not something even I was taught as a teen or young woman. I’d often learn by seeing. I once witnessed a guy negotiate not only for more money but better technology at his workstation. The tech request was a deal breaker for him. He was accommodated.

I was so taken aback by that, thinking to myself, “Wow. He just asked and thus, he received.” I’d never thought to do that. I’d been more inclined to be a performer who just worked with what she had.

So today, I’d like to challenge all millennial women to make at least one of the following boss moves:

1. Know your salary and what you should be earning based on your location, job title and industry. Utilizesalary calculators and get a sense of what peers with similar job titles and duties in your industry are earning. Keep up to date with the fiscal health of your company and industry to ensure you’re earning at least a competitive salary.

2. Make a promise to never… ever… ever take a job offer as is. I learned this later in my career after seeing others negotiate for perks and bonuses in the past and actually get them. Even as a fresh-out-of-college graduate landing that first job, you should at least know what a top package looks like for the company you’re working for and how you can work toward positioning yourself to earn it. As with anything in life, silence can breed inaction. You won’t know unless you ask. Use discernment and be strategic, not arrogant or demanding.

3. Become an advocate. Learn all you need to know about bills that are on the table that affect equal pay for women. Get involved by hosting events, including advocacy information via the Web, volunteering or contacting your local and state legislators, and rallying for change.

4. Teach a young girl the do’s and don’ts of knowing her worth and fighting for it. I can’t say it enough: Help another young lady at least know that her talents are worth being paid equally for. In my case, I think it’s a generational thing: If grandma is not teaching daughter, then daughter doesn’t teach her daughter. As a youth, I knew nothing about negotiating, salary packages, bonuses and prepping myself to ask for what I wanted in terms of earnings. These are all things I learned as I transitioned throughout my career. I wish I’d known these things earlier. So, take on a young girl and share knowledge about negotiating and knowing the market value of her talents.

Jennifer Hudson reportedly in talks to star as Aretha Franklin in biopic

Jennifer Hudson and Aretha Franklin, (Getty Images).

Jennifer Hudson and Aretha Franklin, (Getty Images).

by theGrio |

Jennifer Hudson is reportedly in talks to star as Aretha Franklin in an as-yet-untitled biopic by Universal Pictures.

Scott Bernstein, producer of Straight Outta Compton, is set to head up the biopic after having acquired the rights to Franklin’s story from Franklin herself.

The story will follow Franklin and the influence that her personal relationships, both good and bad, had on her music and career. It will chronicle her rise to fame, until eventually she had 18 Grammy Awards and became the first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

While the casting is not yet official and the talks are still ongoing, we think Hudson would be a great choice to play this iconic singer! Grio fam, what do you think?

Ice Cube’s son O’Shea Jackson Jr. talks the pressures of playing his dad in ‘Compton’ film

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Corey Hawkins and O’Shea Jackson Jr. discussed their hesitations taking on the roles of iconic hip-hop artists upcoming N.W.A. in the upcoming biopicStraight Outta Compton.

Portraying his father, Ice Cube, Jackson admitted he was uncertain about committing to the project, but knew he didn’t want to watch another actor on screen in the role.

“My dad, he’s all about building a confidence within all of his kids, you know, all four of us, and those are the kind of lessons that I’ve took into the film,” Jackson told theGrio.

“You know I had never been in anything, and you hear ‘Universal’ and you hear ‘Gary Gray‘ and jeesh,” he added. “If I don’t take this role, I’m gonna be in the theater watching somebody else do it and not feel like it’s right. And if I take it and mess up, I’m embarrassed for the rest of my life.”

So far both the film and Jackson have received largely great reviews, making it safe to say Jackson won’t be embarrassed for the rest of his life.

Corey Hawkins, who just completed a run on Broadway as Tybalt in Romeo and Juliet, told theGrio he intentionally skipped his first audition for the role of Dr. Dre, fearing he wouldn’t be able to pull it off.

“I thought run the other way because I’m not gonna be able to do it,” Hawkins joked about taking on the role. “I said ‘I don’t know if I’m the man for the job.’”

The young actor said after Dre gave him his stamp of approval, his fears subsided. “Sometimes that’s all you need, is for somebody to say, ‘You’re the man for the job, and I want you to take this and run with it but I just want you to represent us well.’”

Jason Mitchell, who took on the role of the late Eazy-E, credits director F. Gary Gray with creating a safe environment, enabling him to really let loose during some of the film’s emotional scenes.

The new film follows the highs and lows of the five young men who joined together to form the revolutionary rap group N.W.A. The west coast artists made headlines nationwide with their unapologetically honest lyrics and depiction of street life.

Straight Outta Compton hits theaters Friday, August 14.

‘Straight Outta Compton’ tops box office opening weekend

This photo provided by Universal Pictures shows, Aldis Hodge, from left, as MC Ren, Neil Brown, Jr. as DJ Yella, Jason Mitchell as Eazy-E, O’Shea Jackson, Jr. as Ice Cube and Corey Hawkins as Dr. Dre, in the film, “Straight Outta Compton." The movie released in U.S. theaters on Friday, Aug. 14, 2015. (Jaimie Trueblood/Universal Pictures via AP)

This photo provided by Universal Pictures shows, Aldis Hodge, from left, as MC Ren, Neil Brown, Jr. as DJ Yella, Jason Mitchell as Eazy-E, O’Shea Jackson, Jr. as Ice Cube and Corey Hawkins as Dr. Dre, in the film, “Straight Outta Compton.” The movie released in U.S. theaters on Friday, Aug. 14, 2015. (Jaimie Trueblood/Universal Pictures via AP)


LOS ANGELES (AP) — The boys from Compton smashed opening weekend expectations, while the stylish “The Man From U.N.C.L.E.” struggled to find its footing.

Universal’s N.W.A. biopic earned an astonishing $56.1 million in its debut, according to studio estimates Sunday.

Director F. Gary Gray’s well-received film charts the formation and rise of the influential rap group. It cost just $29 million to produce.

N.W.A. members Dr. Dre and Ice Cube served as producers on the film, which has Ice Cube’s real son O’Shea Jackson Jr. playing his father. Dr. Dre also released the companion piece “Compton,” — his first new album in 16 years.

Nick Carpou, Universal’s president of domestic distribution, said they were “elated” with the results. Universal had previously predicted a very conservative $25 to $30 million opening.

“It really struck a chord with audiences. It’s a story that is resonating right now,” said Paul Dergarabedian, Rentrak’s senior media analyst. “It was one of those records that was an important work and a very important expression of a particular viewpoint. To this day, that album has so much power.”

Beyond the fandom around N.W.A. and the timeliness of the themes, Universal also launched a clever marketing campaign around the film, “Straight Outta Somewhere,” which allows social media users to insert photos in the iconic “Straight Outta Compton” album cover and write in a hometown of their choosing.

There have been over 5.4 million downloads to date and it trended No. 1 across Facebook, Twitter and Instagram for two days in a row.

“We’ve got the best marketers in the business and they understand their audiences,” Carpou said. “The good news here is it attaches to a product that we’re exceedingly proud of.”

According to exit polls, audiences for the R-rated film were evenly divided between genders, 51 percent were under the age of 30, 46 percent were African-American and 23 percent Caucasian.

Meanwhile, Warner Bros. PG-13-rated adaptation of the 1960s television series “The Man From U.N.C.L.E.” debuted in third place, behind “Mission: Impossible — Rogue Nation,” with a sluggish $13.5 million.

“I was hoping for a little higher number, quite frankly,” said Jeff Goldstein, executive vice president of domestic distribution for Warner Bros. The goal had been a modest $15 million. The period spy thriller will have an uphill battle to make up its $80 million production budget.

“(Director) Guy Ritchie made an original and fun movie. Eighty-six percent of our audience was over 25 and 39 percent are over 50,” he said. “Older audiences, we all know, don’t rush out opening weekend.”

“The Man From U.N.C.L.E.” stars Henry Cavill and Armie Hammer as a pair of American and Russian agents in the fashionable Cold War-era film.

Goldstein noted that they weren’t able to attract a significant younger audience, who are likely not familiar with the source material. The 7 percent who did turn out gave the film a favorable A- CinemaScore, and Goldstein hopes that word-of-mouth will spread in the coming weeks.

Fox’s “Fantastic Four” plummeted to $8 million to take the fourth place spot, while “The Gift” took fifth with $6.5 million.

But it’s Universal’s weekend to celebrate once more in what has become a banner year for the studio. Universal crossed the $2 billion mark domestically on Saturday — four months ahead of previous record-holder Warner Bros.

“Straight Outta Compton” is Universal’s sixth film to open over $50 million in 2015 and broke the August record for an R-rated opening.

“If you were to create a blueprint for how to perfectly execute a box office year, they’ve done it,” said Dergarabedian.

Estimated ticket sales for Friday through Sunday at U.S. and Canadian theaters, according to Rentrak. Where available, the latest international numbers for Friday through Sunday are also included. Final domestic figures will be released Monday.

1. “Straight Outta Compton,” $56.1 million ($15,000 international).

2. “Mission: Impossible — Rogue Nation,” $17 million ($46.1 million international).

3. “The Man From U.N.C.L.E.,” $13.5 million ($12 million international).

4. “Fantastic Four,” $8 million ($16.2 million international).

5. “The Gift,” $6.5 million ($717,800 international).

6. “Ant-Man,” $5.5 million ($5.6 million international).

7. “Vacation,” $5.3 million ($1.9 million international).

8. “Minions,” $5.2 million ($15 million international).

9. “Ricki and the Flash,” $4.6 million.

10. “Trainwreck,” $3.8 million ($6.2 million international).


Estimated ticket sales for Friday through Sunday at international theaters (excluding the U.S. and Canada), according to Rentrak:

1. “Mission: Impossible — Rogue Nation,” $46.1 million.

2. “Go Away Mr. Tumor,” $21.5 million.

3. “Veteran,” $18.3 million.

4. “Fantastic Four,” $16.2 million.

5. “Minions,” $15 million.

6. “Brothers: Blood Against Blood,” $12.7 million.

7. “Pixels,” ”The Man From U.N.C.L.E.” $12 million.

8. “Monster Hunt,” $11.6 million.

9. “Inside Out,” $11.4 million.

10. “Jurassic World,” $8.9 million.

Longtime civil rights activist Julian Bond dead at 75

FORT WALTON BEACH, FLA.—Julian Bond, a U.S. civil rights activist and longtime board chairman of the NAACP, a group that fights discrimination against black people, has died at age 75.

Bond died Saturday night in Fort Walton Beach, Florida, after a brief illness, the Southern Poverty Law Center said in a statement Sunday.

The Nashville, Tennessee native was considered a symbol and icon of the 1960s U.S. civil rights movement. As a Morehouse College student, Bond helped found the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee and as its communications director, he was on the front lines of protests that led to the nation’s landmark civil rights laws.

Bond later served as board chairman of the 500,000-member NAACP for 10 years but declined to run again in 2010. Bond also served in the Georgia state legislature and was a professor at American University and the University of Virginia.

The SPLC called Bond a “visionary” and “tireless champion” for civil and human rights.

“With Julian’s passing, the country has lost one of its most passionate and eloquent voices for the cause of justice,” SPLC co-founder Morris Dees said in a statement. “He advocated not just for African Americans, but for every group, indeed every person subject to oppression and discrimination, because he recognized the common humanity in us all.”

“Very few throughout human history have embodied the ideals of honour, dignity, courage and friendship like Dr. Julian Bond,” said Chad Griffin, president of the Human Rights Campaign. “Quite simply, this nation and this world are far better because of his life and commitment to justice and equality for all people.”

Julian is survived by his wife, Pamela Horowitz, a former SPLC staff attorney, his five children, a brother and a sister.

LIFE MORE ABUNDANTLY ® It Is Not In Vain-God Has Not Forgotten You



Ye have said, It is vain to serve God: and what profit is it that we have kept his ordinance, and that we have walked mournfully before the Lord of hosts? {Malachi 3:14}

Do you ever feel that God has forgotten you? Have you ever felt that worldly people seem to prosper more than the children of the Most High God? If you have, you are not alone. Many times and in many ways, believers have all wondered why life’s difficulties are so tough sometimes. After all, God gave us power and authority in the earth. He told us to occupy, or hold down the fort, until He comes again. And we have. And we do. But have you ever wondered: When will blessings overcome and overtake me?

Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if it be yet in vain. {Galatians 3:4}

Although the experience is not unique, but common among believers, it has to be called what it is. It is a spirit of weariness that attacks the Body of Christ. That spirit questions your foundation, much like satan questioned Eve in the Garden of Eden. Things such as: Has God said He would bless you? Have your sacrifices been worth it? Did it really take all of that? Entertaining such thoughts can be the first step to eventually caving in, giving up, and fainting in your walk. Vain? Vain means that something is absolutely worthless. Your living is not in vain. Neither are your sacrifices, prayers, fasting, and giving. Choosing to walk a narrow path in the kingdom of God may not produce immediate results. But it’s not in vain. God promises that you will reap a harvest if you’re continually sowing seeds of obedience. God is not a man that lies to us. He is the author and the finisher of our faith. He completes what He starts. If He’s said it, He will certainly bring His promises to pass in your life.

Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord. {I Corinthians 15:58}

Be encouraged. Keep believing. Keep praying. Keep going forward in God. Your tears will become joy. And God will strengthen you where you’ve been weak. I’m reminded of something that the Apostle Paul went through. He was doing all he could for God-“going hard,” as we say. But because of it, he experienced tremendous resistance. And though he prayed that God would deliver him for the “thorn,” God, instead, reminded him that when he is weak, He could abide in His strength.

He giveth power to the faint; and to them that have no might he increaseth strength. {Isaiah 40:29}

Saints of God, abide in the strength of God. If you’ve gotten weary and backslidden, God still has not forgotten you. His strength is perfect in your weakness. Rededicate your life to Him today. And if you’ve stayed in the “race,” but have been feeling low on fuel, allow God to regenerate your spirit by His Holy Spirit. In the Name of Jesus, receive your strength.

But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me. {I Corinthians 15:10}

After you get your strength back, be even more committed, even more efficient, and even more faithful. One of my mottos is: “Not only will the devil be defeated, but he will regret touching me.” When you come through this trial of faithfulness, get ready to experience the rewards. After all, one thing is for sure, the weariness test comes right before a breakthrough. Yes, breakthrough is on the way. But it’s only for those that don’t faint along the way to its manifestation. So be encouraged. God has not forgotten you. And what you’ve done for Christ is not in vain!

Walk Into Your Season of Blessings…

Our Unity Will Propel Us To Victory

Honorable Minister Louis Farrakhan

Honorable Minister Louis Farrakhan

By Honorable Minister Louis Farrakhan,

[Editor’s note:  The following article contains only excerpts from the Honorable Minister Louis Farrakhan’s interview with Pastor Jamal H. Bryant, host of The Empowerment Encounter program that aired August 3, 2015 on the Christian-based The Word Network, live from its Southfield, Michigan television studio.  We urge readers to order this interview now available in its entirety on DVD, CD and MP3 by visiting, or calling 1.866.602.1230 FREE, ext. 200.]

In The Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful.

Reverend Jamal H. Bryant (JHB):  We welcome to The Word Network, and to the entire world, the Honorable Minister Louis Farrakhan!  We’re honored to have you, Sir.

The Honorable Minister Louis Farrakhan (HMLF):  Thank you.

JHB:  I’m so appreciative to be able to mark in history that I’ve lived in the same chasm of time of one of the greatest leaders of our people.  Never in the history of this nation have one million people ever gathered—except at your call.  I’m appreciative that God preserved your life over these 20 years so another generation will be able to in fact have the reverberations of greatness; I’m thankful He sustained your health, and has kept you strong for such an hour as this.  Twenty years later I never thought we would have to go back, and now we’re right here:  Why do you think 20 years later it is needed and necessary for us to go back to the nation’s capital?

HMLF:  We are over 50 years from the march over the Edmund Pettis Bridge, we’re over 50 years from the first march on Washington; we are nearly 50 years from the murder of Malcolm X, and the assassination of Dr. King—and nothing has changed.  We have loved our enemies, and we have given all that we have for this nation.  We built the country:  Our sweat and our blood, our tears, our slave labor made America rich and powerful.  “Why must we go back?”  Because what we went for before has not been realized.

The flag of the Confederate forces and army, and part of the nation, was taken down.  That is “symbol.”  It’s easier to take down a symbol than to remove the substance that that symbol represents.  I have always been taught by my leader and my mother to stand in respect of the American flag; whenever the flag is produced I stand at attention, out of respect for that flag, because it is the flag of a free and sovereign people that we helped to make free and sovereign.  Yet, we are not free, and we don’t have America as really “ours”—so all the hell that we are catching for the last 150 years is under not the Confederate flag, but under the American flag.

We’re going back to Washington because the capital of the country represents the tyranny under which we live!  That flag flies over the Congress…  Laws have been passed, such as the 13th, the 14th and the 15th Amendments, but none of them have been enforced; people died for us to have the right to vote, and they passed the voting rights bill only a few years ago to have the Supreme Court (today) gut the enforcement of that bill, the protection of our right to vote.  The flag of America flies over the state capitals where we don’t get justice!  The flag of America flies over redlining, over police brutality and mob attacks!  The flag of America flies over The Supreme Court where we can’t get justice!  The flag of America flies…  So my question tonight is:  “How can we continue to support a flag and a country that does not support our right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness?”  We must go back, but we must go back with a Determined Idea—it is “Justice…Or Else!”


“Or Else what?”  We’ll get to that…

JHB:  Minister, there are 17 declared Republican candidates, who all 17 claim they are prepared to lead the nation; and in a few days, are going to have their first debate.  If in fact you were the moderator of that debate, what would you say or ask of those 17?

HMLF:  Oh Jamal (smile)…  None of those 17 speaks for the American people.  They are like—oh God, I don’t want to use a cheap phrase; but, you know, in the major cities of America you find beautiful girls dressed to attract men to lust, and take pleasure on their pain.  America is seeing our children trafficked, babies trafficked; and if a nation cannot protect its young, and protect its elderly…

Well, why did I use that picture?  Because the candidates are like undressed women, who are looking for people with money to back them when they know most of them are bought and paid for!  You’ll buy a president, and then you expect that president to do your bidding!  That’s whyTrump is listened to, because he’s not a whore—he’s got money; so the whore masters can’t buy him, the king makers can’t make him!  So that’s why the American people are listening to him, because for the first time you have a man that can pay his own way.  He’s a business man—not that I would vote for him, because I’m looking to see what you’re going to do, Mr. Trump, for justice for the Black man.  Our cry is worse than any other who is deprived!  We’ve been here longer than any immigrant!  And we didn’t come here looking for something as the immigrants did, we were brought here in the holds of ships; we didn’t come here on The Niña, The Pinta or The Santa Maria, we came to be made slaves and burden bearers of the citizens of this nation.

So, if I were the moderator, I’d tell them:  “Go home”…  Not one of you would get my vote!  But it’s the same on the other side.  “What?”  Oh yes:  We have to look at this “horse and pony show” on the Democratic Side.  And most of you are Democrats, and most of you are slaves; most of you are Democrats, but most of you are deprived; most of you are Democrats, but it is under democratic leadership that we have suffered.  You owe us something America…  So no campaign speech is going to get our vote this year—no campaign speech.  I’ve heard Mrs. Clinton say that “All Lives Matter,” but to Mrs. Clinton, and to all the candidates:  If Black lives don’t matter, no life matters, because all life came from The Black Man and Woman!  You have your existence because of us; so “Black Lives” must matter if your life is to matter!

So this is in an interesting time!  When we go back to Washington, my dear and beloved brother, companion and friend in struggle, we can’t go back weak.  It’s come to the point of explosion, now; the statistics that you laid out, and the words that Sister Tamika Mallory said (“We are killing each other”):  This is not because we just want to kill, we are socially engineered into the behavior of a savage!  “Socially engineered”…

JHB:  Today, as we are mindful of five sisters (Raynette Turner, Joyce Curnell, Sandra Bland, Ralkina Jones and Kindra Chapman), Minister, who died in police custody [with]in three weeks [of each other]—but the news cycle is focused more on a lion dying in Africa; and I find the irony in that they will in fact pause, and find the importance of an animal dying out of Africa, but not The Sister Lionesses who have died coming out of Africa.  If we believe that “Black Lives Matter,” why is it that we only march, only get enraged, when it’s a White officer holding the gun?  But when it is that we see death amongst ourselves, we have in fact become desensitized to it, and don’t mobilize around it?  Minister, I want to ask you a question:  Is it that America doesn’t believe “Black Lives Matter” because we don’t act like it does?

HMLF:  I think that’s a part of the problem, because you can’t ask somebody to treat you better than you are willing to treat yourself.  And, I like what you said Pastor Jamal; because “Cecil,” I think is the name of the lion?  “Cecil” got shot because somebody wanted a trophy of a great, powerful lion.

Now they’re looking for Cecil [remains], and they’re looking for the one that shot Cecil.  The dentist (who shot him) has closed his shop; he’s in hiding.  Darren Wilson (the killer of Michael Brown) is walking.  The killer of Trayvon Martin is walking; the killer of Oscar Grant is walking—but the doctor is in hiding over a dead lion.  We have to answer for our weakness and our cowardice in the face of tyranny!  I’m saying this, Brother Jamal, and I pray that God will guide my words and guide my heart.  Beloved brother, and my dear brothers and sisters:  Sometimes, as Dr. King said, there are things worth dying for; and Dr. King said if there is something in your life that’s not worthy of dying for, then what are you living for?  …

And I want to say to pastors:  You must man-up, and stop preaching a doctrine that makes you a better slave!  Stop it!  And don’t put your cowardice on Jesus Christ—you misunderstand himtotally!


I was with Martin Luther King, III the other day, and we were talking about the violence in our community; and you’re right, Brother Jamal, we don’t stand up when we kill each other; we go andrush [to “march” when the White man kills us].  But the White man has been killing us ever since our fathers set the soles of their feet in the Western Hemisphere—he’s been doing it for 460 years now.  So you can’t say:  “Father forgive them, they don’t know what they’re doing.”  They didn’t just do it since we’ve been here; they did it all over the Earth!  The Book of Revelation (18:24) calls them “blood shedders,” who have shed the blood of every creature.

That’s why Cecil is dead!  That’s why the animals can’t live, because we want to kill and kill and kill, and put trophies on the wall!  That’s why when they burned us at the stake, they would cut off our ears and cut off our private parts, and make them trophies!  This is why John The Revelator refusedto call the rulers of this world “human beings”; John The Revelator called them “beasts” (Rev. 13:16-18)—and we had the mark of the beast in our forehead and in our hands.  Look at what our hands of doing!  Look at what our minds are thinking!  Don’t you tell anybody that you’re a “Christian” and you are not Christ-like.  And we can’t tell anybody we are “Muslims” if we are not in submission to The Will of God …

So my beloved brothers and sisters, if “hate” is bad—and they always tell us:  “You shouldn’t hate…  No, this is not nice, that we should hate,”because they know with the evil that they are pouring on us, the natural thing would be not to love them!  But we are like a silly woman married to an abusive man, and he’s beating you all the time; and silly woman, says, “But, I love you…”  After a while, people begin to think you’re insane if you don’t love yourself enough to protect yourself from an abusive man.  That’s why they have courts, supposedly, and judges, supposedly, that you can go to court and say:  “Your honor, I can’t take no more.  And before I kill him, or he kills me…”  Well, the same today (for us):  “Our differences are irreconcilable.  I helped him get what he got, so let’s divide up what we helped him build.”   Look at the Bible; in the Book of Isaiah, Chapter 49, it raises a question—The Judge is asking us, “Shall the lawful captive be delivered?”  Wow…  Then Isaiah says, “He shall take the prey from the mighty, and the lawful captive will be delivered.”


How are you a “lawful” captive?  You’re under the law, under that flag, and your hands are bound!  You know you are being killed—but the Justice Department will not act on our behalf; they will not intercede to see that those of us who are wronged get justice!  So what are we to do?  We can’tlive like this anymore!


I was talking to the police chief in St. Louis the other day, and I said, “Chief, this thing is coming to the point of explosion”; I said:  “We don’t have anything to lose; we are already dead.  And our young people don’t think they’ll live to see 21.  So we have nothing to lose, but you, chief, have everything to lose:  Your life, the city, and your country…”

Have you ever seen the eruption of a volcano that slept for hundreds, even thousands of years, and you’ve been playing around the volcano without respect for what its potential is—and then one day a roar comes up?”  It ain’t Cecil—it’s The Black Oppressed!  It’s The Brown Oppressed!  It’s The Indigenous Oppressed!  It’s The Poor White Oppressed, who do not see the government of America as their government; so since Barack Obama was elected, you have over 1,200 militias in America, armed to the teeth!  They’re not armed because they want to go out in the field and shoot;they are ready to fight their government.  America is in trouble… That’s why we’re going:  We have to get justice.

And I have to tell you:  It is better sometimes to be dead than to live continuously under tyranny.  And when we get to that point that “death is sweeter,” then we will act as a human being should act in defense of our life. …  There was White policeman that was shot in Memphis (recently):  I don’t know what happened, but suppose the brother saw him coming, saw that uniform—as I told the captain, or the chief of police in St. Louis, “We see this uniform of yours as the uniform of the enemy.”

Brother Malcolm said the police are an “occupying army,” and we are not there to be “served and protected” by them, they are there to run a cordon around our community; so that the disease of our savagery won’t penetrate downtown where the tourists come so that we won’t interfere with the flow of business.  This is real…  But one day, in the island of Montserrat in The Caribbean:  A sleeping volcano erupted.  [The Soufrière Hills volcano, in 1995]:  When it erupted, first it’s just “a roar”—oh Cecil…  Then dust and debris coming up that covers great distances, so high till planes can’t fly (because if that stuff gets in your engine, your plane is coming down); then comes the fire, then comes the lava, then comes the destruction of everything around!  Is that, America, what you want to see from us, your faithful servant; your loyal servitude slave?  Is that what you are hoping for, so you can slaughter us?

Yes, you can slaughter us, you have the means to do it—but you won’t last.  I’m here to warn you America:  We are The People of God.  God has chosen the foolish things of this world to be His People, and He has come to be our God.  As our beloved pastor, Rev. Dr. Freddie Haynes said,“The battle is not ours.  The battle is The Lord’s,” the scripture also teaches, “Vengeance is Mine saith The Lord”—so America, you can look for [that] if you come with your tanks (and you’re ready to do it).  But when you come with your tanks, know that we are ready to die—but, we are not going to die without putting up a fight.

Brothers and sisters, if you’re not ready yet to defend the gift that only God can give, and if you can’t and will not fight to protect this gift [your life]—and like a sheep led to the slaughter you offer your lives up on the altar of cowardice:  If this is you, then you deserve to die.  But if you stand and fight for the life that God gave you, then victory is assured!  Some of us will die, but the rest will be free to enjoy life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness! …

JHB:  Awesome…  It’s almost like a “déjà vu moment” of the processing of what Dr. King was going through seeing four little girls bombed in a church, seeing dogs unleashed on women; having to have men hold a sign making the declaration: “I Am A Man,” and out of that pain, writing Strength to Love (1963).  One of the most critical things you’ve said to me since I’ve had the privilege of walking with you is hearing you say “Dr. King didn’t die because of his dream, he died because he woke up,” in that we really don’t understand the effulgence of the development of Dr. King.  And part of your drive of going back (to Washington, D.C.) is your newfound affinity for where the direction of Dr. King was going; that there is a “missing integer”:  after “civil” rights, there’s some “silver rights.”  And we can’t forget that he was on his way for The Poor People’s Campaign; that, there is a financial issue that is at stake that is going to have to be met.

HMLF:  Oh, Brother Jamal…  Most of our pastors have allowed the historians to make a caricature of the greatness of Dr. King by saying he had “a dream.”  Is that all you know about that man?  The last two years of his life he was on an evolutionary journey:  He was going up to God, and downinto The Valley of Death.

The garbage workers were experiencing pain, no justice; Dr. King said, the night before he died [in his speech “I’ve Been To The Mountaintop” delivered April 3, 1968]:  “We (at that time) have 30 billion dollars coming through our hands in one year.  We are richer than every country on the earth except nine.”  He said that money represents power:  “We are poor individually.  But collectively, with the money that comes through our hands, we are richer than most of the nations on the earth that have hospitals, schools, agriculture, science, technology—with less money!”  This year, $1.3 trillion dollars is going to come through our hand…  And the business community romances us for our consumer dollars, not even 10 percent of which stays within our community.  So Dr. King said, “We must redistribute the pain.”  He said we must go by the big business of these tycoons and tell them, “God sent us by here”—I like that:  “God sent us by here to tell you that you’re not treating His people right.  God said He wants you to treat His people fairly.  And if you’re not prepared to treat His people fairly, then we have an agenda; and that agenda is to withdraw our dollars from you.” So he said, “Tonight, in Memphis, go and tell your neighbors ‘Don’t buy Coca Cola.  Don’t buy Sealtest milk.  Don’t buy Wonder Bread”; and then there was another bread, and he looked over at Jesse (Jackson), and said, “Jesse!  What’s that other bread?”  Jesse screamed out, “It’s Hart’s bread!”  He said, “Yes!  Hart’s bread.”  He said: “Let’s go and take our money out of their banks and put it in our own banks.”


Brothers and sisters, we’re in a great time, now, that our unity will propel us to victory.  Dr. King said you don’t need to talk bad, you don’t need to shout, you don’t need to shoot, you don’t need to throw a Molotov cocktail—all we need to do is to come together in unity, and use the power of our purchasing to deliver pain, and they will properly respond.

So in concluding, Pastor Jamal mentioned the four children that were bombed in Birmingham (in 1963):  My Research Team found words from Dr. King after that happened; he was so hurt, he wanted all-out war—not physical, not violent, but to shut down cities (“go out in the highways; don’t let nothing move”).  And the one thing Dr. King really wanted to do was boycott Christmas, and he knew that they were united enough to make it effective.  I looked at that, and I said, “Oh, Dr. King…”—I didn’t know that’s what he wanted!  But that’s what I’m asking:  That this year, on the day after Thanksgiving, let Black be absent on that Friday (“Black Friday”).  Let Black people keep their money in their pocket!  …

[This Christmas], what I am asking all pastors, please join us:  Let’s honor Christ.  Do you know what “Christ” means?  Christ + mas:  It means a mass of people gathered for the honor and worship of God through Christ.  That’s what “Christmas” is.  Don’t defile it!  Don’t make mockery of it!  Don’t make the wicked, who don’t even believe in Jesus, happy by spending your hard-earned dollars with those who hated Jesus!  Go home, and open your heart.

Paul said the Jew is not a Jew by the circumcision of the male instrument; the Jew is a Jew by “the circumcision of your heart.” (Romans 2)  You see pictures of Jesus with his heart exposed, because he had no secrets hidden; he was perfectly pure.  And after Jesus gave us The Two Great Commandments, he gave us another as he was leaving us:  “Love ye one another even as I have loved you”—and the love of that man is almost incomparable.  But to rise to that, that’s “the ideal”; because he went to that cross to suffer, and bleed and die, to reconcile human beings who lost their way back to The Father.

See, you and I have children wandering; we have family crazy; they’re drug addicts, criminals: Bring them to the table.  It’s Christ + mas time!  Bring them to the table and make a good meal for them; and say a prayer before you eat!  And then while they’re eating on the beauty of the food, talk to them about The Beauty of a Man; talk to them about a Man not the image of the Caucasian—because Jesus was not White.  (You don’t want him anymore?)


JHB:  Thank you.  Would you help me salute and celebrate Minister Louis Farrakhan?  What an incredible, valuable gift…  Listen, we want everybody to come to Washington, D.C.—“10.10.15, Justice…Or Else!”:  It’s going down!  I’m telling you, you don’t want to miss HISTORY.  It’s going to happen!  I’m going to give you a “sneak peek”:  Minister Farrakhan is going to preach the sermon Martin Luther King was never able to finish.*  …  We were able to get the notes of what Dr. King left right there on the nightstand of the Lorraine Motel—and he’s going to finish that “dream” in Washington, D.C.  It’s going to be very critical, very monumental, and you want to be a part of it!  …  “10.10.15”:  It’s going to be like no other day America has ever seen before!  Thank you Minister Farrakhan.

Cost of Autism Could Surpass $500B by 2025

Health economists say that costs will range from $162 billion to $367 billion this year.

Health economists say that costs will range from $162 billion to $367 billion this year.

HealthDay News — The annual cost of caring for Americans with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) might reach $500 billion by 2025, with outside estimates approaching $1 trillion, according to a study published online in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

Health economists at the University of California, Davis, analyzed national data and concluded that costs will range from $162 billion to $367 billion in 2015, with $268 billion being their best estimate.

“The current costs of ASD are more than double the combined costs of stroke and hypertension, and on a par with the costs of diabetes,” senior author Paul Leigh, PhD, a professor of public health sciences and a researcher with the Center for Healthcare Policy and Research at UC Davis, said in a university news release.

By 2025, ASD costs will range from $276 billion to $1 trillion, with $461 billion being the researchers’ best estimate. The cost estimates include health services, residential care, in-home care, special education, transportation, employment support, and lost productivity. The cost forecasts in the study are based on the assumption that effective interventions and treatments for ASD will not be identified or widely available by 2025.

“There should be at least as much public research and government attention [paid] to finding the causes and best treatments for ASD as there is for these other major diseases,” Leigh added.

He stressed the need for significant policy changes that emphasize early intervention to reduce ASD symptoms, along with employment and other programs to support independent living for adults with ASD. “This approach would ultimately save money that otherwise would be spent on expensive custodial care,” Leigh said.


Leigh JP and Du J. Brief Report: Forecasting the Economic Burden of Autism in 2015 and 2025 in the United StatesJ Autism Dev Disord. 2015; 2015; doi: 10.1007/s10803-015-2521-7.

Blacks Could Gain Most From Obamacare–If Medicaid Was Expanded

By Freddie Allen,,

WASHINGTON (NNPA) – As families prepare to choose health insurance coverage during the open enrollment period, a recent report by the Urban Institute shows that Blacks have the most to gain from the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) if the states they live in expand Medicaid under the law.

The Urban Institute, a nonprofit research group focused on social and economic policy, estimated that Blacks will experience “the largest decreases in uninsurance rates under full Medicaid expansion: a drop from 11.3 percent (projected with current expansion decisions) to 7.2 percent” and the uninsurance rate gap between Blacks and Whites will fall from 6.5 percent under current Medicaid expansion to 2.6 percent with full expansion.

However, the gap between Black and White uninsurance rates will remain closer to 7 percent, at least for the near future, because most Blacks live in states that have refused to expand Medicaid under the ACA.

The original law, passed in 2010, mandated Medicaid expansion nationwide, but the United States Supreme Court 2012 decision in the National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius case reversed that provision, leaving it to the states to decide whether they want to take additional Medicaid funding under the ACA.

According to the Urban Institute, “As of December 2014, 27 states and the District of Columbia had expanded Medicaid or planned to expand by January 2015.”

More than half of all Blacks live in states, primarily in the South and led by Republican governors, that didn’t expand Medicaid after the ACA was passed in 2010.

When states refused to expand Medicaid, the move trapped Blacks in a “coverage gap,” because many of them don’t meet the income-based requirements to qualify for Medicaid under their own state rules or to receive subsidies through the ACA marketplace.

About 1.4 million Blacks fall into this category, accounting for more than 23 percent of the uninsured non-elderly adult Blacks. For example, in Florida, Georgia, Texas and North Carolina, the uninsured rates for Blacks would plummet roughly 30 percent compared to current rates, if those states expanded Medicaid coverage under the ACA.

In August 2014, researchers with the Urban Institute said that 6.7 million residents would still remain uninsured in 2016 in the states that continued to block Medicaid expansion through the ACA.

“These states are foregoing $423.6 billion in federal Medicaid funds from 2013 to 2022, which will lessen economic activity and job growth,” the August 2014 report said. “Hospitals in these 24 states are also slated to lose a $167.8 billion (31 percent) boost in Medicaid funding that was originally intended to offset major cuts to their Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement.”

The report continued: “For every $1 a state invests in Medicaid expansion, $13.41 in federal funds will flow into the state.”

The Council of Economic Advisers, a small group that offers the president domestic and foreign economic advice, predicted that, Medicaid expansion would have added, in nonexpanding states, nearly 79,000 jobs in 2014, “172,400 jobs in 2015, and 98,200 jobs in 2016.”

In December, Republican Tennessee Gov. Bill Haslam moved to expand Medicaid under the ACA, leaving less than two dozen states to weigh providing health care for their poorest residents against future costs associated with Medicaid.

According to a recent report by the Department of Health and Human Services, 87 percent of the people who selected health insurance plans through were eligible for financial assistance, a 7 percent increase over last year’s numbers.

HHS Secretary Sylvia Burwell said that the vast majority of people who signed up for health insurance coverage through were able to lower their costs using tax credits.

ATrue ADHD Epidemic or an Epidemic of Overdiagnosis?

adhd-djecak-pred-plocomBy Sanford Newmark, MD

In 2011, the CDC reported that the prevalence of attentiondeficit/hyperactivity disorder in children ages 4 to 17 years was 11%, with 6.4 million children diagnosed with ADHD and 4.2 million taking psychostimulants.

1. These findings represent a dramatic increase from more than 30 years ago, when the rate of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was estimated at between 3% and 5%.

2 What is more concerning is that the prevalence of ADHD increased by about 35% just from 2003 to 2011, and there is no indication that this increase leveling out.1 More than 20% of high school-aged boys have been told they have ADHD!

3. What is going on here? Have 11% of our children always had ADHD and we just missed it? Has some cataclysmic genetic or epigenetic shift taken place, causing ADHD to be the most prevalent childhood disease second only to obesity? I don’t think so. I believe that this dramatic
increase in ADHD diagnoses is caused by two factors:

Overdiagnosis through inadequate evaluation and societal pressure for treatment ; and A significant increase in the demands being made on our children, schools, and families.

It is important to recognize that a diagnosis of ADHD is contextual, meaning that a child with the same neurodevelopmental traits may be seen as having ADHD or not depending on his or her specific social and educational environment.

Making an accurate diagnosis of ADHD takes time. It is not a matter of just filling out a standardized form and giving a trial of medication. Physicians must rule out other conditions that may present with ADHD-like symptoms, such as learning disabilities, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is important to get an understanding of the child’s entire environment, including his or her school and family situation. One must take the time to speak with and observe the child before rushing to a diagnosis.

Yet how often is this possible? Practicing pediatricians and primary care providers are aware of the pressures to make a diagnosis and prescribe a stimulant. Teachers are demanding it of parents, as are parents whose resources of time and energy are strained to the limit. However, how many of our frontline providers have the time and resources to conduct an adequate evaluation?

Where I practice, near Silicon Valley, there are schools of very bright children where up to one third or more are reported to be taking psychostimulants because of the academic pressure to succeed and be admitted to an elite university.

On the other end of the spectrum, the prevalence of ADHD in Medicaid patients is 33% higher than that seen in the general population. The reasons for this are uncertain, but may well reside in the need to provide behavioral control in situations where there are inadequate services available.

If ADHD is a true neurodevelopmental disease—which it is— then the prevalence of diagnosis and treatment should be consistent. Yet there is dramatic difference in prevalence rates not only by state, but even by county. In 2011, the prevalence of ADHD in Kentucky was 14.8%, which
was 250% higher than the 5.6% prevalence reported in Colorado.4 Although these statewide disparities exist across the United States, there is no reasonable biological explanation for these differences.

Exercise: A Prescription For Stress

By Dr. Robert J. Muhammad,

According to the report on Stress in America, published by the American Psychological Association, those surveyed reported the top stressors in their life in order of severity. The top 6 stressors are:

1) money
2) work
3) the economy
4) job stability
5) family responsibilities
6) relationships

Stress is the mind and body’s response to a real and/or imagined threat. Anxiety is an abnormal and overwhelming sense of apprehension and fear, often associated with sweating, tension, and an increased heart rate.

Signs that you may be stressed include:

1) inability to concentrate
2) insomnia
3) weight loss or gain
4) high blood pressure
5) teeth grinding
6) nail biting
7) headaches
8) social withdrawal
9) mood swings
10) depression
11) chest pain
12) unexplained anger
13) anxiety
14) rapid heartbeat

Stress-related medications, anti-depressants, anxiety medications, and a host of other drugs are prescribed annually at staggering costs. Anti-depressant prescriptions account for $11 billion in annual income to pharmaceutical companies, and anti-depressant and anti-anxiety medications rank fifth and tenth respectively, of all drugs prescribed in the United States.

Skipping Breakfast a Bad Idea for People with Type 2 Diabetes

glucose_monitorBy Serena Gordon
HealthDay Reporter

FRIDAY, Aug. 7, 2015 (HealthDay News) — Running out the door without eating breakfast isn’t a good idea for anyone, but new research suggests that for people with type 2 diabetes, skipping the morning meal may wreak havoc on blood sugar levels for the rest of the day.

In a small clinical trial, researchers found that when people with diabetes skipped breakfast, their lunchtime blood sugar levels were 37 percent higher than on a day they ate breakfast. And blood sugar levels were still higher at dinnertime on the day the study volunteers skipped breakfast — 27 percent higher, the study said.

“This is of high relevance since skipping breakfast has progressively increased over the past decades in Western society,” said the study’s lead author, Dr. Daniela Jakubowicz, a professor of medicine at Tel Aviv University in Israel.

What’s more, she said, high blood sugar levels after meals are strongly associated with a rapid decline in beta-cell function. Beta cells are the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, a hormone that’s necessary for the body to use the carbohydrates in food as fuel.

High blood sugar peaks are also linked to earlier development of heart disease complications, Jakubowicz added.

Results of the study were published recently in Diabetes Care.

Jakubowicz and her team showed earlier that eating a big breakfast and a light dinner may be beneficial. In a study published in February in Diabetologia, the researchers found that people with type 2 diabetes who ate a big breakfast and a light dinner had blood sugar levels that were 20 percent lower than people who had a small breakfast and big dinner.

In the current study, the researchers recruited 22 people with type 2 diabetes. Their average age was 57 years old. Their body mass index (BMI) was just over 28. BMI is rough estimate of how much body fat a person has, and a BMI of 28 means a person is overweight, but not obese.

Over two days, all of the participants ate the same meal at every meal — milk, tuna, bread and a chocolate breakfast bar, Jakubowicz said. On one day, they ate three meals — breakfast, lunch and dinner. On the second day, they skipped breakfast, but had lunch and dinner.

On the day they ate three meals, the average glucose peak after lunch was 192 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). After dinner, it was 215 mg/dL, the study revealed. But on the day of no breakfast, the average glucose peak climbed to 268 mg/dL after lunch and to 298 mg/dL after dinner, the researchers said. (A normal blood sugar level is below 126 mg/dL.)

Jakubowicz said it seems that beta cells “lose their memory” due to the prolonged fast. “Therefore, it takes additional time after lunch for the beta cells to recover, causing small and delayed insulin responses, and resulting in exaggerate elevation of blood glucose levels throughout the day on the no-breakfast day,” she said.

Maudene Nelson, a certified diabetes educator and nutritionist at Columbia University in New York City, also noted that skipping breakfast led to higher levels of glucagon secretion, which raises blood sugar levels. “Once blood sugar levels are high, it’s harder to clean up ‘the mess’ as the day goes on,” explained Nelson, who wasn’t involved with the study.

“In the past, I’ve been somewhat laid back when people tell me they skip breakfast or only have coffee, because we all have our habits,” Nelson said, adding that the findings inspire her to tell patients skipping breakfast is not OK.

Jakubowicz said protein is an important component of any breakfast. She said it aids in “intellectual concentration” and helps you feel full. Nelson said good sources of protein include eggs, yogurt, cottage cheese or beans. She said the tuna offered in the study was also a good source of protein, and she said lean ham, preferably low-sodium, could be an occasional option.

Nelson also recommended adding fruit or a whole grain to breakfast. But most cereals don’t have enough fiber to be a good choice for people with type 2 diabetes, she said.

Jakubowicz’ final advice for people with type 2 diabetes is simple: “Never skip breakfast.”

She said it’s not clear if the results would be the same in people with type 1 diabetes, and that she’s planning a trial to see the effects of skipping breakfast in people with type 1 diabetes. She also noted that for women with diabetes in pregnancy (gestational diabetes), skipping meals isn’t healthy for the baby, and could lead to excessive weight gain.

Sandra Bland’s Family Sues State Trooper, Wants Answers

Geneva Reed-Veal, mother of Sandra Bland speaks at a news conference Tuesday, Aug. 4, 2015, in Houst …

Geneva Reed-Veal, mother of Sandra Bland speaks at a news conference Tuesday, Aug. 4, 2015, in Houst …

by Michael Graczyk, Associated Press |

HOUSTON (AP) — The family of a black woman found dead in a Texas jail three days after a confrontation with a white state trooper filed a wrongful-death lawsuit Tuesday against the officer and other officials, saying it was a last resort after being unable to get enough information about the case.

Sandra Bland, a Chicago-area woman, died by what authorities say was suicide in her Waller County jail cell on July 13. Her family and others previously questioned that, and criticized the trooper who stopped her for failing to signal a lane change.

“The bottom line is she never should have been inside the jail cell. Period,” Bland’s mother, Geneva Reed-Veal, said at a news conference. Reed-Veal, her Bible within reach, said she was confident Bland “knew enough about Jesus” that she wouldn’t hang herself, and her feelings as a mother say her daughter didn’t. But “anything is possible,” she said.

“Now I’m the first one to tell you, if the facts … show without a doubt that that was the case, I’ll have to be prepared to deal with that,” she said.

Bland’s death came after nearly a year of heightened national scrutiny of police and their dealings with black suspects, especially those who have been killed by officers or die in police custody.

The lawsuit, with Reed-Veal as plaintiff, seeks unspecified punitive damages “for egregious acts and omissions” by Trooper Brian Encinia, the Texas Department of Public Safety, Waller County, the sheriff’s office and two jail employees.

Bland was in Prairie View, northwest of Houston, when she was stopped July 10 for a minor traffic infraction. Dashcam video shows the confrontation swiftly escalated after she objected to being told to put out her cigarette. Encinia at one point is seen holding a stun gun as he says, “I will light you up!” after Bland refuses to get out of her car. Bland eventually was arrested for allegedly assaulting the trooper.

The lawsuit contends Encinia falsified the assault allegation to take Bland into custody, that Waller County jail personnel failed to keep her safe and free from psychological injury or harm, and that she was placed in a cell “with a variety of inappropriate items for a jail cell, including a large garbage can, garbage bags, exposed beams, cords, and other items.”

An autopsy determined that Bland hanged herself from a partition in the cell with a garbage bag. Her family has previously said she was looking forward to a new job at Prairie View University.

“In the face of Sandy being the light that she was, it is very difficult for them to get their minds around the notion that she would hurt herself,” the family’s attorney Cannon Lambert said. “At the same time, this family is aware of the possibility.”

Lambert said the family’s own autopsy has been delayed by missing information from authorities, and that information the family has received from law enforcement has been inconsistent.

“We don’t have the gastric content information. We don’t have the ligature. We don’t have the police reports. Candidly, we don’t really know the time of death,” he said.

Since her death, authorities have released the findings of Bland’s autopsy, her arrest affidavit, an initial toxicology report, surveillance video showing her in the jail, her jail intake records and the dash camera video.

The intake records include a questionnaire filled out for Bland that states she had tried to kill herself in the last year by taking pills after losing a baby. The autopsy also showed no injuries consistent with a violent homicide, and noted Bland had about 30 cuts on her wrist that were probably self-inflicted in the weeks before her arrest.

Lambert said the family needs to know what was done to try to help her.

The lawsuit says the Department of Public Safety failed to property train Encinia, that Waller County jail personnel failed to properly monitor Bland “to keep her safe and secure,” and that the county inadequately trained jail employees on how to handle inmates who are potentially suicidal.

The Texas Commission on Jail Standards has already cited the jail over some of these matters, including that guards failed to observe Bland in-person at least once every hour.

Larry Simmons, an attorney for Waller County, said the county would soon file a response to the lawsuit “and our court filings will clearly articulate the county’s legal position in this matter.”

“The county expresses its sympathy to Sandra Bland’s family,” Simmons said. “We look forward to presenting all the evidence to the court, in the context of the applicable standards for civil liability, and intend to vigorously defend the case.”

The Texas Department of Public Safety said in a statement it had not received notice of the lawsuit “and we do not discuss potential or pending litigation.”

Lambert expressed dismay that Encinia remains on administrative leave rather than being fired. The trooper, on the force for just over a year, has been placed on leave for violating unspecified police procedures and the department’s courtesy policy.

“We are asking for bold, decisive action,” Lambert added. “The fact that it hasn’t happened yet is a frustrating thing.”

Lambert also called on the Department of Justice to launch its own investigation, saying the case needs a fresh and unbiased look.

“This family’s motivation is that they don’t want to see this sort of thing happen again to another family,” Lambert said.